How the Eye Works

To understand how the human eye works, first imagine a photographic camera — since cameras were developed very much with the human eye in mind.

How Vision Works

Light reflects off objects and enters the eyeball through a transparent layer of tissue at the front of the eye called the cornea. The cornea accepts widely divergent light rays and bends them through the pupil — the dark opening in the center of the colored portion of the eye.

Pupils Functions

How the Pupil Works

The pupil appears to expand or contract automatically based on the intensity of the light entering the eye. In truth, this action is controlled by the iris — a ring of muscles within the colored portion of the eye that adjusts the pupil opening based on the intensity of light. (So when a pupil appears to expand or contract, it is actually the iris doing its job.)

Lens Functions

How the Lens Works

The adjusted light passes through the lens of the eye. Located behind the pupil, the lens automatically adjusts the path of the light and brings it into sharp focus onto the receiving area at the back of the eye — the retina.

Dry Eye Symptoms
Retinas Functions

How the Retina Works

An amazing membrane full of photoreceptors (a.k.a. the “rods and cones”), the retina converts the light rays into electrical impulses. These then travel through the optic nerve at the back of the eye to the brain, where an image is finally perceived.

How Vision Works

Light reflects off objects and enters the eyeball through a transparent layer of tissue at the front of the eye called the cornea. The cornea accepts widely divergent light rays and bends them through the pupil — the dark opening in the center of the colored portion of the eye.

Dry Eye Symptoms

How the Pupil Works

The pupil appears to expand or contract automatically based on the intensity of the light entering the eye. In truth, this action is controlled by the iris — a ring of muscles within the colored portion of the eye that adjusts the pupil opening based on the intensity of light. (So when a pupil appears to expand or contract, it is actually the iris doing its job.)

Dry Eye Symptoms

How the Lens Works

The adjusted light passes through the lens of the eye. Located behind the pupil, the lens automatically adjusts the path of the light and brings it into sharp focus onto the receiving area at the back of the eye — the retina.

Dry Eye Symptoms

How the Retina Works

An amazing membrane full of photoreceptors (a.k.a. the “rods and cones”), the retina converts the light rays into electrical impulses. These then travel through the optic nerve at the back of the eye to the brain, where an image is finally perceived.

A Delicate System, Subject to Flaws

It’s easy to see that a slight alteration in any aspect of how the human eye works — the shape of the eyeball, the cornea’s health, lens shape and curvature, retina problems — can cause the eye to produce fuzzy or blurred vision. That is why many people need vision correction. Eyeglasses and contact lenses help the light focus images correctly on the retina and allow people to see clearly.

In effect, a lens is put in front of the eye to make up for any deficiencies in the complex vision process.

Parts of the Eye

The main parts of the human eye include:

  • Cornea: transparent tissue covering the front of the eye that lets light travel through
  • Iris: a ring of muscles in the colored part of the eye that controls the size of the pupil
  • Pupil: an opening in the center of the iris that changes size to control how much light is entering the eye.
  • Sclera: the white part of the eye that is composed of fibrous tissue that protects the inner workings of the eye
  • Lens: located directly behind the pupil, it focuses light rays onto the retina
  • Retina: membrane at the back of the eye that changes light into nerve signals
  • Rods and cones: special cells used by the retina to process light
  • Fovea: a tiny spot in the center of the retina that contains only cone cells. It allows us to see things sharply
  • Optic Nerve: a bundle of nerve fibers that carries messages from the eyes to the brain
  • Macula: a small and highly sensitive part of the retina responsible for central vision, which allows a person to see shapes, colors, and details clearly and sharply.

Testimonials

What Our Patients Say

"I have been getting my eyes checked by Dr. Samuel Teske for years. He is very thorough and thoughtful. The staff is also very professional and attentive. Highly recommend True Eye Experts!"

"Everyone at this office is very friendly, helpful and professional whether it's helping you buy new frames, being fitted for glasses, or just interacting at the front desk. If something is wrong with my glasses, they are quick to remedy the situation. I would highly recommend this office for all your eye care needs!"

"Dr. Randich is personable and thorough. She spends time educating her patients with warmth and genuine concern. Staff is always friendly, helpful and quick!"

"Staff was very professional and the eye exam used the latest technologies. Very impressed with all that was done to check my eyes. Great experience!"

True Eye Experts

Contact Us:

23388 St. Rd 54 Unit 102,
Lutz, FL 33549

(813) 733-8891
(813) 296-5038

Hours:

Monday: 9:00 am - 5:00 pm

Tuesday: 9:00 am - 7:00 pm

Wednesday: 9:00 am - 5:00 pm

Thursday: 9:00 am - 7:00 pm

Friday: 9:00 am - 5:00 pm

Saturday: 9:00 am - 2:00 pm

Sunday: Closed

True Eye Experts

Contact Us:

23388 St. Rd 54 Unit 102,
Lutz, FL 33549

(813) 733-8891
(813) 296-5038

Hours:

Monday: 9:00 am - 5:00 pm

Tuesday: 9:00 am - 7:00 pm

Wednesday: 9:00 am - 5:00 pm

Thursday: 9:00 am - 7:00 pm

Friday: 9:00 am - 5:00 pm

Saturday: 9:00 am - 2:00 pm

Sunday: Closed